Yaum e Ashura – the 10th of Muharram remembers the leader of the Youth in Paradise

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The first month of the Islamic year, Muharram ul Haram or the month of Allah, – its meaning in Arabic, is that needs to be respected.

Before Islam, Allah (God), accepted Prophet Adam’s (R.A) repentance in this very month; Prophet Musa (R.A) gained victory over Faroah; Prophet Noah’s (R.A) ark defended itself against a storm; Prophet Younis (R.A) gained freedom from imprisonment, Prophet Ayub (R.A) was cured from a prolonged illness, and the list goes on.

After Islam, Umar bin Farooq(R.A), was martyred on the first of Muharram or Ashura.

While, about the 10th of Muharram, Abdullah bin Abbas (R.A), narrates that when Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), came to Madina, he discovered that, non- Muslims of the city fasted that day, to thank their god for making them victorious over Faroah. He said to that:

I’m more closer to Musa than those non – Muslims (Bukhari)

Infact, fasting on the 10th, became such a routine for him that he preached his followers to fast as well, saying that:

In Sha Allah! ( If Allah wants) I shall fast on the 9th of Muharram the next year (Bukhari)

However, he passed the following year, away.

Moreover, Abu Qataada (R.A), relates that Prophet Muhammad ( p.b.u.h) said:

I hope that Allah will forgive the sins for the whole year (of the Muslim) who fasts on this day – (the 10th) (Muslim)

Though, after the compulsion of Ramadan, Muharram’s fast is just a choice. And, Prophet Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) hadith depict exactly the same:

The one who wants can fast, who doesn’t shouldn’t (Bukhari)

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Hence, Muslims fast on, either 9th and 10th, or 10th and 11th of Muharram, seeking forgiveness for their sins.

Secondly, along with fasting, Muslims should also spend large heartedly over their families on the 10th. As, Ibn- e – Masud (R.A), heard, Prophet Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) hadith:

The one who spends on his family lavishly, on this day, Allah will bless him the whole year (monetarily)

Furthermore, a Quranic (Islamic Holy book) verse has:

Muslims should avoid committing sins in (these) 4 sacred months of the Islamic year ( including Muharram).

Then, Hussain bin Ali (R.A), Prophet Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) grandson was extremely religious. Muhammad (p.b.u.h), infact, had an influence in his life style. He (R.A) used to, often, say:

The worst traits of a ruler is fear of enemies, unkindness towards the helpless and being a miser when it comes to giving others.

To add more, Muhammad (p.b.u.h) named him (R.A) and his elder brother Hassan (R.A), after the names of Prophet Haroon’s ( R.A) sons, Shabar and Shabeer. That’s why they were, at times, called by these names as well; because these names might belong to different languages but there meaning is basically the same.

Also, Muhammad declared that Hassan (R.A) and Hussain (R.A) are among the two names listed in the paradise. And, the names Hassan and Hussain were not known before Islam.

Significantly, Muhammad (p.b.u.h) regarded his grandsons (R.A) as:

The leaders of the youth in Paradise ( Tirmidhi, Ibn- e – Maaja)

Likewise, in an other hadith, he (p.b.u.h) called them (R.A):

His flowers in this world.

In addition, Abdullah bin Masud (R.A) heard Muhammad (p.b.u.h) referring to his grandsons as his sons (Hakim).

Remembering Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) love for Hussain (R.A), Umar bin Farooq (R.A), expressed that once he visited the Prophet of Islam, and saw Hussain riding his back; while he praised Hussain for having the best ride, Muhammad replied:

Umar, Even the rider is the best. Right!

Similarly, Usama bin Zaid (R.A) (Tirmidhi), recollects the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h) adoration towards his grandsons in the following words:

I love them both. Allah! I hope you love them too, as well as those who love them.

Abu Huraira (R.A), also, remembers Hussain (R.A) playing with his grandfather’s beard in his childhood, sitting in his lap.

As an another instance of Hussain’s (R.A) childhood, Abu Bakar (R.A), one of the Prophet’s friends, when he saw him for the first time, immidiately, he said:

He’s Ali’s son, yet resembles his grandfather

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By hook or by crook, after Ameer Maviya, Yazeed wanted to be the ruler and also compelled the Muslims to accept him. However, Hussain (R.A) rejected him because of his lust for power; as for him eagerness to lead according to the Islam mattered the most. Consequently, Yazeed started misbehaving with him; forcing him to travel towards Karbala to save the Muslims from his injustices, and for Islam.

Though, at Karbala, he and his supporters were stopped and were, once again, forced to accept Yazeed as their ruler; which he denied without a second thought. On 9th Muharram, he was forbidden even drinking water. Eventually, he was martyred on 10th Muharram, fighting for his beliefs, his religion and the truth with honesty, courage and bravery.

At the end the 10th of Muharram – the Yaum e Ashura or the day of Ashura, is not a celebration yet Muslims show their love and respect towards one of the leaders in Paradise, Hussain (R.A), our religious hero, and the purpose of 10th Muharram is religious righteousness. It is something more than the so called “Shia – Sunni” conflict, as it makes one realize as a Muslim, that Hussain (R.A), who was fighting for his Deen (religion), instead of being left alone, should have been supported. Hence, one should, as a human too, never give up on any one who fights for one’s own betterment, for the right.

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Humein pyar hai Pakistan se- We love Pakistan

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The Defense day of Pakistan, or its national day – the Yaum e Difa is celebrated on 6th September, to pay a tribute to our armed forces for their patriotism, bravery, and sacrifices made to defend Pakistan when India attacked it without any prior warning or a declaration of war.

The war of 1965 or Second Kashmir War was faught after the Operation Gibraltar. It resulted in casualities in both the countries; and continued for 5 weeks. However, because Pakistan’s defense was strong, India’s motives were defeated quite successfully.

Pakistan’s forces, full of courage, patriotic spirit, nationalism, bravery and love for the country, eventually defeated the Indian army. And, India understood that even if Pakistan’s soldiers are lesser in number, still they are capable of defeating all their enemies.

Additionally, 6th September is a celebration of Pakistan army’s valor for prioritizing Pakistan’s safety over their families and their lives, along with that of the civilians. While, in addition to the army, Pakistan Air Force also played an amazing part in defending Pakistan.

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A wise person once said,

Lehron ko khamosh dekh kr ye mat samajhna k samandar me rawani nahi hai

Jb b uthen ge tufan ban kr uthen ge abi uthne ki thani nahi hai

(Static was does not mean that the ocean can never move

it does not want to move yet when it does its motion is bound to be energetic)

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And, like every year Pakistan’s 53rd Defense Day was this time themed as Humein Pyar Hai Pakistan se – we love Pakistan, and was celebrated with flag holdings, marches, army exhibitions, award ceremonies and singing patriotic songs.

To celebrate the defense day, a ceremony was held in the General Head Quarters in Rawalpindi. It was attended by Chief General Qamar Bajwa and civilian leaders like Pakistan Peoples Party’s chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, the opposition leader Shehbaz Sharif. Also, all the families of the martyrs, the proud war survivers ( Ghazis) of 1965 and 1971, parliamentarians, media representatives, celebrities, sports persons, school children. Adding to that, impressive performances by military soldiers were applauded.

At the same event, the Chief of Army staff, General Qamar Javaid Bajwa, elaborating on Pakistan’s trust in its army for its defense, said:

Our determination is our strength and because of this we will never let the bad intents of our enemy succeed.

http://General Qamar Javaid Bajwa’s defence day 2018 speech www.youtube.com

Likewise, the Chief of the naval staff, Admiral Zafar Mehmood Abbasi, pointing out the important role played by Pakistan Navy in national and international maritime security, said:

Pakistan Navy is ready to tackle any threat posed to the ports and maritime infrastructure of Pakistan.

http://Admiral Zafar Mehmood Abbasi’s defense day 2018 speech www.youtube.com

At the very event, the Chief of the Air Force, Air Chief Marshall, Mujahid Anwar Khan, discussing India’s defeat by Pakistan Air Force in 1965, said:

Many brave soldiers have been either martyred or became war survivers. We solute them all for their courage and bravery.

http://Air Chief Marshall Mujahid Anwar Khan’s defense day 2018 speech www.youtube.com

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Moreover, the ISPR ( Inter – Services Public Relations) – has launched a promo regarding the 53rd defense day in which, General Qamar Javaid Bajwa, is seen sympathizing with the families of the martyrs. He conveys the message through the promo that,

Shaheed ki Jo moat hai wo qaum ki Hayat hai

( Whenever, a soldier is martyred for his contry, the life of its nation is further assured)

He, simultaneously, salluted the martyrs as well as their families.

http://ISPR promo for Pakistan’s 53rd defense day featuring General Qamar Javaid Bajwa www.youtube.com

Furthermore, in the second promo the ISPR pays a tribute to the martyrs struggling for the independence of Kashmir. This promo shows how much the people of Kashmir love Pakistan. While, the martyrs of Kashmir as well as Commander Burhan Wani is also a part of the promo.

http://ISPR promo on Pakistan's 53rd defense day featuring the struggles of Kashmir humein Pyar hai Pakistan se www.youtube.com

In I965, Pakistan emerged as a strong and self confident country. It should always be proud of itself and its armed forces. Every year on this day, the people of Pakistan should pray that Pakistan remains safe forever. Even if, the day is celebrated for a single day; yet its spirit in the form of the same courage, strength and determination, shown by Pakistan’s soldiers in 1965, should be intact within the citizens of Pakistan.

A minor effort to celebrate the spirit and the essence of Pakistan’s Yaum e Difa

http://www.dawn.com

http://www.web.pk

http://www.jangnews.com

Parwaz Hai Junoon a tribute to Pakistan Air Force

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Parwaz Hai Junoon – Soaring is Passion is a Pakistan’s film released on Eid ul Azha in Pakistan and in other countries.

And, it has been written by Farhat Ishtiaq who is famous for her first film Bin Roye and dramas like Hamsafar, Dayar-e-Dil and Udaari.

Ishtiaq, moreover, through this film, successfully brings out the patriot in the cinema goers. She makes them feel different emotions like love, friendship and most importantly passion to fight for the nation. The writer engages the viewers so well in the story that they are able to connect emotionally to each and every character.

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Furthermore, it has been directed by Haseeb Hassan and it is his first film as a director, still he has managed Parwaz Hai Junoon’s direction and the technical aspects impressively.

Momina and Duraid Productions are producing the movie, in collaboration with the Pakistan Air Force. In addition, Pakistan Air Force’s real life personalities and pilots are also featuring in it. Additionally, many scenes of the movie are filmed in Pakistan Air Force academy and their air crafts have also been used.

Infact, Momina Duraid announced that a major part of the earnings from the movie 25% – will be donated to Pakistan Air Force funds.

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Moreover, the film is a tribute to Pakistan Air Force hence, its story revolves around the lives of Pakistan Air Force cadets and pilots. It shows the phases through which they pass to serve Pakistan to their best ability. It potrays them aspiring to be fighter pilots, joining Pakistan Air Force, tolerating the rigid life style of Pakistan Air Force and their difficult methods of training.

To add more, the level to which this training can be difficult, is shown, when one of the senior fighter pilots while training the cadets says:

Is test ko sirf wohi survive kr skta hai jis mein eik mohib e watan Pakistani banne ka sacha jazba hoga. So are you ready for a new life?

( Only those will survive the test who are true soldiers and have the passion to love their country. So are you ready for a new life?)

Hence, fighter pilots must be passionate about Pakistan.

And lastly, there comes a time when completing the rigorous training, Pakistan needs them.

The film also shows that the fighter pilots are not only fighters by profession but are achievers in every part of their lives. Hence, the audience realizes that for the men serving their country, nothing else matters more than Pakistan itself.

Apart from that, they have lives of their own away from the battlefield, where they are normal humans who feel different emotions. They can have their strengths and weakness as well.

Also, the film has skilled actors:

Firstly, Hamza Ali Abbasi’s Hamza who defies all the rules and loves to take risks.

Additionally, his passion for Pakistan inspires others.

For instance, he promises a forever to the lady he loves, saying:

Agr Ghazi hua Tau marte dum tak aur agr Shaheed hua tau umar bhar k liye

(If I survive then ( I will be by your side) till the time I die and if I am martyred then forever)

Hence, he can willingly die for Pakistan.

Other than that, his love for Pakistan is visible through utterances like:

Pakistan Zindabad!

(Pakistan lives forever!)

And, in another scene, he comes out as a courageous fighter pilot who says:

Unko pta nahi hai abi unka baap hu mein

(They don’t know who they’re messing up with)

Also, Abbasi is so brilliant that he has almost carried the whole film on his shoulders.

Likewise, Shaz Khan’s Nadir is not as skilled in comparison to Hamza, he is Hamza’s best friend and his batch mate, he follows the rules. Additionally, Shaz Khan and Kubra Khan provide effective support to Hamza’s character.

And while, Nadir and Hamza already are fighter pilots, others like Saad,Sania, Rashid Minhas and Zaid have yet to become one.

And, from the younger lot, Hania Amir’s Sania is a cute looking, girl-next- door, who gives up her American nationally to join Pakistan Air Force, even if she is not Pakistan Air Force material.

She claims bravery, for instance, saying:

Hum Hawa k janbaz sipahi Hein kisi se nahi darte

(We are fearless fighter pilots. We are not afraid of anyone)

Yet again, Sania’s passion to be a fighter pilot is quite evident when she answers her senior (Farhan Ali Agha) , as to why she is giving up on her nationality, by saying,

Jb dharti pukarti hai na sir, tau koi aur awaz sunayi nahi deti

(You don’t hear anything else Sir! when your country calls you.)

Interestingly, Amir is phenomenal, has a strong screen presence, chirpy, fresh, proves herself as a versatile actress.

While, Ahad Raza Mir’s Saad is bold, arrogant, obnoxious, talented yet confident of his abilities. As he utters,

I was born to fly

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However, he wants to out do every one through his actions. Moreover, his desire to be the best derails him.

He is, moreover, a conventionist, a mysogynist, redicules the female cadets for trying to be fighter pilots. Like, he taunts one of them by saying,

Ye chipkali aur cockroach se darne wali qaum kia fighter jets uraen gi

(How can, those who are afraid of lizards and cockroaches, fly fighter jets)

Impressively, Mir who has replaced Osman Khalid Butt, has completely justified his character even if it is not much likable, and has made an impressive entry in the film industry.

Along with Saad are his friends:

Safaat Ali’s Zaid is a goof and provides a much needed comic relief.

And, Sikandar Vincent Khan’s Rashid Minhas is shy and hard-working.

Also, while, this movie mainly deals with the life and struggles of the characters played by Amir and Abbasi; supporting cast includes, Asif Raza Mir, Shamoon Abbasi, Marina Khan, Farhan Ali Agha, Alamdar Khan, Hina Khawaja Bayat and others.

For example, Asif Raza Mir’s character, who plays Hamza’s father and a senior fighter pilot, motives those younger to him by saying:

For the sake of the country, Be fearless! Fighter pilots go fearlessly toe and toe with death. Every single day of their lives.

Hence, proves that the whole Pakistan Air Force, be it young or old, is fearless and equally passionate towards Pakistan.

Then, the chemistry between all the actors is fabulous and all of them have performed brilliantly.

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To add more, the movie is filled with beautiful scenes from Skardu, Sarghoda, Murree, Saidpur, Lahore, Karachi, K2 and the Karakoram Highway; according to an interview given to Daily Pakistan.

Also, the flying sequences and scenes showcasing the training of pilots are fantastic. Hence, the cinematography is splendid.

Additionally, Parwaz Hai Junoon has two parallel plots – the past and the present; and as the the story progresses and the plots amalgamate accordingly, the audiences realize that it is necessary to understand the characters in a better way.

Also, the first half of the movie is filled with light hearted moments while the second half is more intense in comparison.

Importantly, all the songs Nache Re, Musafir, Aik Hai, Main Urra, Tham Lo and Bhulleya are simply melodious.

Significantly, as the film focusses on nationalism, on portraying the immortality of martyrs and on inspiring all the youngsters to bear each and every hardship to achieve their dreams; there is no proper villian in the movie.

However, since the plot of the movie is revolves around Operation Zarb-e- Azb, Ishtiaq should have given more details on the operation itself; or about the lives of fighter pilots, for instance, rather than focussing on the sentiments of these fighter pilots only, as it weakens the plot. Certainly, it is not a drama that could be sold on its sentiments but a film that requires more.

Lastly, the fans of Abbasi or of Pakistan Air Force will definitely love it.

http://Parwaz Hai Junoon movie trailer on www.youtube.com

http://www.youlinmagazine.com

http://www.reviewit.pk

http://www.globalvillagespace.com

http://www.something.haute.com

http://www.oyeyeah.com

Jawani Phir Nahi Aani 2 a laughter riot

This movie is a sequel to Pakistan’s film Jawani Phir Nahi Aani, 2015; and has released on Eid ul Azha,2018, in Pakistan as well in many other contries.

Where, the protagonist of the film, Sherry (Humayun Saeed) is gloomy, suicidal and does not want to recover from the loss of his wife.

However, Saeed, also the producer of the film smartly allows the other characters to shine in the first half of the film.

Also, Hamza Ali Abbasi has a significant guest appearance in which he imitates, Pakistan’s new Prime Minister Imran Khan, saying,

Tabdeeli aa nahi rahi, Tabdeeli aa gae hai

(Imran Khan often says that: Change is not coming rather it has already come)

It shows the obsession of our people have with Naya Pakistan.

(New Pakistan)

And, PP and Sheikh ( played by Ahmed Ali Butt and the script writer himself Vasay Chaudhary) support each other like best friends.

Butt and Vasay are natural comedians and have a perfect comic timing together as well as individually.

For instance, when Butt and Chaudhary adapt an Indian – British accent innit.

And then, PP’s brother in law, Rahat (Fahad Mustafa), an extremely successful investment banker in Turkey; is interested in Xoe ( Mawra Hocane)

Also, PP and Rahat’s relationship is that of hate. Their flash backs are amazingly hilarious; and all their interactions are equally funny.

Additionally, Mustafa has, certainly, justified his some what darker character; which appears as if he could willingly harm the other person for his own well being. Even if, his motives of wanting his own good at any cost, are senseless sometimes, and the audience realizes too that all he is concerned with is his own existence; it does not mean, however, that he is the antagonist of the story. He is a mere hinderance to the story.

Then, Rahat in one of the scenes helps the others by referring to the political motto that is,

Mujhe kiun nikala?

(One of the political political leaders in Pakistan; when his political power was snatched away from him, he asked the media and the judiciary:

Why am I being thrown out?)

Addingly, Xoe’s father Balani ( Sohail Ahmed), a multi-millionare, a fashion designer in Istanbul, who unlike Xoe is not naive.

Additionally, Ahmed plays his role perfectly and is an ace comedian.

Specifically, almost all the scenes between Ahmed and Butt are simply hilarious.

While Xoe, naive, a dog’s lawyer, a beauty without brains needs approval from her dog for everything, including marriage.

And, Hocane is glamorous and adds to the humor of the movie even if she was not given much screen time to perform.

Sarwat Gilani has a small effective role. While she along with Butt, Chaudhary and Ahmed delivers some amazingly witty dialogues.

Furthermore, Kubra Khan as Sherry’s love interest Selina, shows potential but her role was not meaty enough.

While, Uzma Khan was given more screen space as compared to the first part of the movie.

And as for Saeed, he once again proves that he is one of the masters of comedy.

Like, the audience will not be able to stop laughing after listening to his take on the Indian song Channa Mereya.

Also, Sherry/ Saeed, in one of the scenes; while referring to Sharukh Khan says:

Ami Jan kehti thi koi Banda chota Nahi hota, aur jis k Dil me pyar ho wo sikka khotta Nahi hota, he says,

But of course Ammi Jan didn’t know Jack (a movie character)

(“Mom used to say no one is small and the one who loves never loses his value.” he says,

But of course mom didn’t know Jack)

To add more, Vasay’s brilliantly humorous script holds the movie together. He makes sure to make funny references to game shows, recent movies, political mottos and cricket.

Addingly, it was the need of the script that:

me too (a movement that is relatable nationally after the incident of a girl-child’s murder, specifically after the Ali Zafar- Meesha Shafi’s fiasco, as well as internationally) was referred to as he too.

Again, body shaming rediculing someone’s mental state, even if to make people laugh is morally incorrect; becomes monotonous after some time.

Moreover, the movie carries a message of peace in reference to indo-Pakistan relationship.

However, even this message is conveyed humorously.

Like, Sherry tells Selina’s father that he should be allowed to live in his house till Salina gets married because his maid bad mouthed him for singing Amitabh Bachan’s Jumma Chumma for her.

Likably, most of the male characters are genuinely smitten by their love interests, and also support their friend’s love life.

Importantly, the music of this movie like, Tillay Wali Jutti, Aya Lariye, Lahore Tere Tay,Ishq hua Jo taari and Behka re are catchy,foot tapping yet groovy.

However, unrealistically the lead pair falls in love with each other in a single day, the guy in particular. Also, the ending seemed a bit rushed.

Significantly, other than minute defects; the script, the screen play, the direction, the production, the chemistry between all the characters, the cinematography, everything is fabulous.

So, it deserves what it is earning-money or praise. Hence, minor glitches can easily be ignored.

Also, it achieves its purpose to entertain by making the audience laugh, just like comedies with an ensemble cast.

Lastly, the audience will have a chance to laugh at jokes that are their own.

The trailer is at

http://Jawani Phir Nahi Aani 2 movie trailer at www.youtube.com

While other references include:

http://www.images.dawn.com

http://www.somethinghaute.com

http://www.oyeyeah.com

http://www.trendypunch.pk

http://tribute.com.pk

Negligence -a threat to the environment

The term environmental degradation describes a situation in which a part of the environment is damaged. It can refer to deterring land, lessening water, damaged air, loss of biodiversity or decreasing natural resources of a particular area. Hence, the problem is that, the environment is degrading at such a faster pace that there is not enough time for it to recover. The environment of Pakistan likewise, is also worsening speedily.

Moreover, the most essential asset of Pakistan are its plants; where as deforestation is undoubtedly, the greatest threat to its environment.

Pakistan has a forest coverage of 2.5% only; while according to the World Bank it should at least be 6%.

Then again,

“Pakistan has the highest deforestation rate in Asia (WWF 2010).”

Hence, the website, http://wwwmocc.gov.pk which belongs to the ministry of climate change of the government of Pakistan, or facebook and twitter handles Plant4Pak need to be visited; where on 2nd September, 2018 under one of Pakistan’s tree plantation drive namely, 10 Billion Tree Tsunami 2018, 1.5 Million trees in a day are going to be planted simultaneously, in all major cities of Pakistan, while the ministry of climate change targets about 10 Billion trees in 5 years.

Additionally, an excessive and an improper use of chemical fertilizers is also harmful to the soil and the plants.

Why are the benefits that the plants have never bothered about? Does anyone not know that forests hold the ground firm? Does anyone not realize that oxygen produced by the plants is necessary for survival? Is industrial progress more important than the environment? Our deterring environment!

And, if the decreasing number of plants was a lesser reason to worry for Pakistan then the scarcity of water increases the danger of environmental degradation even more.

Pakistan is already one of the most water stressed countries of the world. Fresh water bodies are decreasing further as water is used for irrigation. The industrial waste contaminates the soil and the water reservoirs. 60% of infant deaths are surveyed to be due to certain water bourn diseases . Then, Pakistan’s poor sanitation system and also its unsafe drinking water causes diarrhea. What about animals and the sea life?

Furthermore, even if Pakistan focusses it’s energy on solving the issue of lessening water resources and unclean water still it is so noisy that the environment is left more fragile.

To add more, the traffic of Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi and other big and smaller cities causes noise pollution. On one of Karachi’s main roads the average noise level was recorded to be around 90DB; which if increases like this continuously can cause diseases like inability to hear, sleep disturbance, cardio vescular disease and others.

Along side noise pollution, Pakistan’s environment is also haunted by air pollution: equally problematic and damaging for the environment if not more.

About Pakistan’s air pollution, the World Bank states that: “Pakistan’s urban air pollution is among the most severe in the world.”

And even if , the people of Pakistan have started using clean fuels like CNG, sulphur deisel, no lead gasoline but the number of vehicles is also increasing rapidly. Can we not stop burning garbage and plastic? Can we not use energy resources properly?

Furthermore, according to Pakistan’s Environment Control Department, Pakistan’s pollution is 4 times greater than the WHO standards. Our vegetation is decresing. People have difficultly in breathing and suffer from diseases like bronchitis.

Along with other environmental issues; Pakistan has to deal with global warming as well which is idenfied by rising sea level somewhere in the country, a melting iceberg and other climatic changes.

Significantly, Pakistan makes a tiny contribution to total global Green House Gas emission; less than 1% but it is one of those countries most vulnerable to climatic changes ( the 7th most vulnerable); and it can not easily adapt to its harmful effects due to its low technical and financial capacity. In 2008, Pakistan’s Green House Gas emissions were 310 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalents.

Further, BBC Asia stated that:

53% Pakistanis felt that there lives have become worse as compared to 5 years ago. They do not even know what Global Warming is and consider it a will of God.”

More importantly, Pakistan has to continue to fight against environmental deterioration because it has to find a solution for certain recurring natural calamities; floods, earthquakes, cyclones and draughts to name a few.

Interestingly, a Disaster Management report discovered that,

“Gilgit Baldistan provinces, Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Balochistan are more susceptible to earth quakes, while Sindh and Punjab to floods.”

To add more, 60,000 people were killed in Quetta earthquake 1935. In 1950, floods killed 2,900 reportedly and left 10,000 homeless. The 1974 earthquake yet again killed 5,300. In 2005, more was added to Pakistan’s misery when 73,000 were killed and 1.5 million affected. In 2010, 20 million were affected. Hence, the trend of calamities continued. Who can forget the heat wave in 2015 or 2017’s smog?

The readers are hence,requested to see the video at the link:

https://youtu.be/sRJI_l02ev8

Then again, there are some measures that can be adopted to protect our environment. They are:

  1. More budget needs to be allocated for Research and Development that was 300 million in 2016- 2017 according to the Higher Education Commission. National Research Grants and that Resource Development are insufficient.
  2. Pakistan needs to focus on the Sustainable Development Goals and the COP 20 agreements so that the foreign countries help it to improve its environment from further degradation.
  3. Pakistan needs to stop deforestation and laws for the conservation of forests like Forest Amendment Act 2010 need to be implemented.
  4. Pakistan needs to make more effective policies for the assessment, monitoring and rehabilitation of its land
  5. Pakistan should complete its hydro projects. We must save water and manage our water resources properly. A more effective drainage system is needed to produce more crop.
  6. The government should make the local people and the private sectors stake holders.

Needless to say that Pakistan can be hopeful for a cleaner, healthier and a better environment; provided such such progressive steps are taken for the improvement of our environment.

Lastly, the environment is seeking our help to change our attitudes before it degrades further; because both the government and the citizens are equally responsible towards it.

http://www.ndu.edu.pk

http://isis.org.pk

An Insight on gender inequality in Pakistan

Gender discrimination, is undoubtedly, one of the most primate forms of discrimination in many civilizations. Though, societies are gradually reforming, still women’s rights have been suppressed for a long time in mysogynistic societies like Pakistan.

Firstly, women make up to 49% of the population of Pakistan only. Yet, this approximate half of the country- the female gender is considered inferior.

Appallingly, in 2016, the Global Gender Gap Index placed Pakistan at 143 out of 144 countries. Hence, a major unequal distribution of resources and opportunities exists.

Infact, Quaid-e-Azam once said that:

No nation can rise to the hights of glory unless women are side by side with you

Are we, however, living up to his words?

Instead of considering both the genders equal, women are not even given their right to education, as Pakistan’s global rank in gender gap in literacy was 138 in 2016 and 127 in 2017 reportedly. So, when will Pakistan’s women be educated equal to their men?

In addition to that, approximately, 21% Pakistani girls get married before turning 18.

While, In January 2016, WHOM proposed the parliament to increase the legal minimum age to 18 for women but the proposal was withdrawn on 14 January, 2016; when the Council of Islamic Ideology rendered it anti-Islamic. Do the law makers not realize that this situation is unfair for the innocent girls?

Pakistan’s women also have to deal with the frightening issue of honor killing apart from child marriage.

About honor killins many noted human rights organizations claim that there are approximately 1,000 honor killings every year in Pakistan.

For instance, in June 2016, Zeenat Rafiq, an 18 years old, was burned to death by her mother for marrying by her own choice. Also a 19 years old school teacher; Amber, and another 16 years old met the same fate. Then the famous model Qandeel Baloch was also murdered for so called honor. Why was the Pathan who murdered 2 innocent daughters left without being punished?

Even after the Crime Law Act, in 2004, has clearly declared honor killing a crime but the law unfortunately, could not be properly enforced.

And, about 66 years ago, the Article 16 in the Constitution of Pakistan which was about equal right for both the genders to marry the person of their choice; has been removed permanently.

Infact, the law that should give a death penalty to those who murder for honor instead allows the judge to decide whether the murder is based on honor or not. Therefore, the accused easily claims other motives and the victim’s family forgives him as they don’t want to bear any further humiliation.

Furthermore, the ratio of rape victims is increasing rapidly as rape is another issue that the women of Pakistan have to deal face and that too with conviction.
A rape victim, for instance, burnt herself alive on March 14, 2014; outside a police station for setting her rapists free. Not just her but there are plenty of such unfortunate instances.

Another question that arises regarding rape is that why was the tribal council in Multan district never questioned when it ordered a girl to be raped instead of punishing her brother for his crime?

Women are not safe any where these days. Be it their work places or somewhere else.

Reportedly, more than 100 nurses on strike, outside a Provincial Assembly, protesting against the firing of their colleagues who had been employed on contact basis were baton charged by the police in March 2014.

Also, Shahid Afridi responded once to a query about the under 19 women’s cricket trials, held in Karachi, by saying that:

“women were better kept in the kitchen cooking up meals for the men.”

If this much of misery is not enough then the ratio of women in labor force is also the lowest in Pakistan in South Asia.

Other than that, between 2011-15 cases related to violence against women increased by 34% according to a report in 2018.

Infact, Punjab is the worst in this respect while Sindh and KP follow it.

In addition to that, as much as 70-90% of Pakistani married women face domestic abuse; be it emotional or physical. Hence, approximately, 53,364 cases of violence have been reported.

Let it be acknowledged that, there are different organizations like Aurat Foundation, Women Act Forum, Shirkat and others working for women.

Infact, on 12 January, 2017, a meeting of OIC countries aimed at checking violence against women and to ensure their right to inheritance.

Additionally, in February, 2017, Pakistan took the initiative to promote trade and commerce in women, in cooperation with IWEC, under the She- trade seminar.

The provincial as well as the federal government, however, is unable to effectively put these initiatives to implementation.

The readers are requested to look at the video at the link:

https://youtu.be/mHeEPBDSs6o

In conclusion, the fight of gender eguality is neither about snatching the rights of men from them nor giving more rights to women but about giving equal rights to both. Unfortunately, there is still a long way to go before this chauvinistic society gives due respect to women.

http://pakobserver.net

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http://blogs.tribune.com.pk

http://dailytimes.com.pk

http://www.pakistantoday.com.pk