The first month of the Islamic year, Muharram ul Haram or the month of Allah, – its meaning in Arabic, is that needs to be respected.
Before Islam, Allah (God), accepted Prophet Adam’s (R.A) repentance in this very month; Prophet Musa (R.A) gained victory over Faroah; Prophet Noah’s (R.A) ark defended itself against a storm; Prophet Younis (R.A) gained freedom from imprisonment, Prophet Ayub (R.A) was cured from a prolonged illness, and the list goes on.
After Islam, Umar bin Farooq(R.A), was martyred on the first of Muharram or Ashura.
While, about the 10th of Muharram, Abdullah bin Abbas (R.A), narrates that when Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), came to Madina, he discovered that, non- Muslims of the city fasted that day, to thank their god for making them victorious over Faroah. He said to that:
I’m more closer to Musa than those non – Muslims (Bukhari)
Infact, fasting on the 10th, became such a routine for him that he preached his followers to fast as well, saying that:
In Sha Allah! ( If Allah wants) I shall fast on the 9th of Muharram the next year (Bukhari)
However, he passed the following year, away.
Moreover, Abu Qataada (R.A), relates that Prophet Muhammad ( p.b.u.h) said:
I hope that Allah will forgive the sins for the whole year (of the Muslim) who fasts on this day – (the 10th) (Muslim)
Though, after the compulsion of Ramadan, Muharram’s fast is just a choice. And, Prophet Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) hadith depict exactly the same:
The one who wants can fast, who doesn’t shouldn’t (Bukhari)
Hence, Muslims fast on, either 9th and 10th, or 10th and 11th of Muharram, seeking forgiveness for their sins.
Secondly, along with fasting, Muslims should also spend large heartedly over their families on the 10th. As, Ibn- e – Masud (R.A), heard, Prophet Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) hadith:
The one who spends on his family lavishly, on this day, Allah will bless him the whole year (monetarily)
Furthermore, a Quranic (Islamic Holy book) verse has:
Muslims should avoid committing sins in (these) 4 sacred months of the Islamic year ( including Muharram).
Then, Hussain bin Ali (R.A), Prophet Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) grandson was extremely religious. Muhammad (p.b.u.h), infact, had an influence in his life style. He (R.A) used to, often, say:
The worst traits of a ruler is fear of enemies, unkindness towards the helpless and being a miser when it comes to giving others.
To add more, Muhammad (p.b.u.h) named him (R.A) and his elder brother Hassan (R.A), after the names of Prophet Haroon’s ( R.A) sons, Shabar and Shabeer. That’s why they were, at times, called by these names as well; because these names might belong to different languages but there meaning is basically the same.
Also, Muhammad declared that Hassan (R.A) and Hussain (R.A) are among the two names listed in the paradise. And, the names Hassan and Hussain were not known before Islam.
Significantly, Muhammad (p.b.u.h) regarded his grandsons (R.A) as:
The leaders of the youth in Paradise ( Tirmidhi, Ibn- e – Maaja)
Likewise, in an other hadith, he (p.b.u.h) called them (R.A):
His flowers in this world.
In addition, Abdullah bin Masud (R.A) heard Muhammad (p.b.u.h) referring to his grandsons as his sons (Hakim).
Remembering Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) love for Hussain (R.A), Umar bin Farooq (R.A), expressed that once he visited the Prophet of Islam, and saw Hussain riding his back; while he praised Hussain for having the best ride, Muhammad replied:
Umar, Even the rider is the best. Right!
Similarly, Usama bin Zaid (R.A) (Tirmidhi), recollects the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h) adoration towards his grandsons in the following words:
I love them both. Allah! I hope you love them too, as well as those who love them.
Abu Huraira (R.A), also, remembers Hussain (R.A) playing with his grandfather’s beard in his childhood, sitting in his lap.
As an another instance of Hussain’s (R.A) childhood, Abu Bakar (R.A), one of the Prophet’s friends, when he saw him for the first time, immidiately, he said:
He’s Ali’s son, yet resembles his grandfather
By hook or by crook, after Ameer Maviya, Yazeed wanted to be the ruler and also compelled the Muslims to accept him. However, Hussain (R.A) rejected him because of his lust for power; as for him eagerness to lead according to the Islam mattered the most. Consequently, Yazeed started misbehaving with him; forcing him to travel towards Karbala to save the Muslims from his injustices, and for Islam.
Though, at Karbala, he and his supporters were stopped and were, once again, forced to accept Yazeed as their ruler; which he denied without a second thought. On 9th Muharram, he was forbidden even drinking water. Eventually, he was martyred on 10th Muharram, fighting for his beliefs, his religion and the truth with honesty, courage and bravery.
At the end the 10th of Muharram – the Yaum e Ashura or the day of Ashura, is not a celebration yet Muslims show their love and respect towards one of the leaders in Paradise, Hussain (R.A), our religious hero, and the purpose of 10th Muharram is religious righteousness. It is something more than the so called “Shia – Sunni” conflict, as it makes one realize as a Muslim, that Hussain (R.A), who was fighting for his Deen (religion), instead of being left alone, should have been supported. Hence, one should, as a human too, never give up on any one who fights for one’s own betterment, for the right.